Urogynecology is a specialized field of medicine that treats urinary and reproductive system ailments in women. Urogynecologists are specifically trained to treat conditions that affect the pelvic floor.
The pelvic floor is made up of muscles and connective tissues that work together to provide structural support to the pelvic organs. A healthy pelvic floor keeps everything where it should be! Unfortunately, pelvic floor dysfunction is common and can lead to conditions such as incontinence, difficulty urinating or defecating and pelvic organ prolapse. (1)
Your anatomy is just as complex and unique as you are. If you’re suffering from the consequences of a compromised pelvic floor, you deserve an experienced and compassionate expert to guide you through restoring these essential functions, as well as your comfort and confidence. At Swan Medical, Dr. Peter Castillo is committed to offering a kind, welcoming environment and effective solutions to treat these conditions and symptoms. To get started contact our Los Gatos offices by calling (925) 905-9922, or filling out a simple online form at your convenience.
About the Pelvic Floor
Simply put, the female pelvis works wonders. This relatively small area of the body regulates daily functions but also has the power to accommodate pregnancy. Cradled in the small area between your pubic bone and your tailbone, the bladder, uterus, vagina, and rectum are all supported and controlled by the pelvic floor muscles and connective tissue. When these tissues and muscles become weakened or injured, or the nervous system is no longer able to allow them to contract and relax normally, the consequences can be painful and debilitating.
Unfortunately, pelvic floor disorders, including urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, and pelvic organ prolapse, are common. They affect up to one-third of pre-menopausal women and 45% of women after menopause. (2) And while many women are hesitant or embarrassed to seek treatment, there’s nothing shameful or unladylike about taking care of your health and well-being! Swan Medical offers surgical, minimally invasive, and noninvasive options for treating the many conditions and symptoms that accompany pelvic floor disorders.
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the uterus, vagina, urethra, small bowel, or rectum is no longer held in place and begins to collapse into the surrounding organs. This can lead to a variety of unpleasant symptoms and requires an experienced urogynecologist. Dr. Castillo performs minimally invasive surgery to address pelvic organ prolapse. And while a hysterectomy may be warranted in other severe cases, there are other options.
Dr. Castillo performs a variety of surgeries that can secure the uterus and or vagina back into its correct position:
- Vaginal hysterectomy
- Vaginal vault suspension
- Rectocele repair
- Cystocele repair
- Enterocele repair
Women experiencing fistulae need immediate medical treatment. Unfortunately, these injuries aren’t always apparent. These communications between organs can allow urine or fecal matter to enter the vagina. Childbirth, radiation, and trauma to the pelvic region can result in this condition. Dr. Castillo performs vesico-vaginal, urethro-vaginal, and recto-vaginal fistula repair.
Women suffering from incontinence and other urinary ailments may benefit from the reconstructive and therapeutic procedures that Swan Medical offers.
These procedures include:
- Midurethral sling for stress urinary incontinence
- Periurethral bulking
- Urethral reconstruction
- Urethral diverticulectomy
- Sacral Neuromodulation
Minimally invasive options include:
- Percutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation
- Bladder Botox™
Luckily, some pelvic health concerns can be addressed by training the pelvic floor muscles. Dr. Castillo can devise a treatment plan that assists patients in exercising and strengthening these critical muscles and may avoid the need for future surgery.
- Pelvic floor re-education
- At-home pelvic floor therapy devices
Hormonal changes and aging can lead to changes in the vagina. If you’re experiencing dryness, pain, and recurring vaginal infections, laser vaginal resurfacing may be a rewarding solution. Gentle laser energy rejuvenates the walls of the vagina for improved vaginal health and sexual function. To learn more about the services offered at Swan Medical, follow Dr. Castillo’s blog.
The pelvic floor allows the vital organs in this area to function normally in very close quarters!
However, when these muscles weaken or other conditions arise, the pelvic organs are no longer able to stay in place and begin to compromise each other’s normal functions. Many pelvic organ disorders are not apparent during a regular gynecological exam. Women that may have suffered injury during childbirth may still be living with the symptoms decades later.
Seeing a specialized urogynecologist for pelvic floor health can improve symptoms that include:
- Feelings of pressure in the lower abdomen
- Pulling or aching sensations
- Unusual protrusion from the vagina
- Painful sex
Pelvic disorders are common, and many women will require urogynecological attention at some point in their lives.
Unfortunately, factors beyond our control are often responsible for pelvic disorders:
- Neurological, muscular, or connective tissue disorders
Other life events can result in changes in pelvic health:
- Muscle or nerve injury
- Radiation therapy
- Previous surgery
Your chances of having to endure pelvic floor disorders increase with:
- Menopause (3)
Because pelvic disorders are so common, and there are so many factors that contribute to their likelihood, be vigilant about your urogynecological health! If you’re experiencing symptoms, there’s no need to endure them any longer. Contact Swan Medical to schedule a case review. These consultations are complimentary and can be completed over the telephone or Skype from the convenience of your home. Call (925) 905-9922 to get started.
Your First Appointment
When you schedule an appointment at Swan Medical, you can rest assured that you’ll be welcomed into a warm, supporting environment, and on your way to restoring your pelvic health and well-being. We want to have the best understanding possible of your symptoms, so we ask that you complete a questionnaire, and if pertinent, keep a bladder diary in the days before your first appointment. When you arrive at our beautiful Los Gatos offices, you’ll begin your visit by consulting with one of Dr. Castillo’s caring Medical Assistants. She and Dr. Castillo will then perform a thorough examination. Your comfort and concerns come first, so you’ll have plenty of time to address the issues that matter to you. Once Dr. Castillo has identified any urogynecological problems, he’ll be able to devise an effective treatment plan that is tailored to you. He’ll answer any questions you may have, and you’ll be given detailed information about your treatment and what to expect before, during, and after. To hear about how Dr. Castillo and his staff have helped other women, visit our testimonials page.
How Much Does a Urogynecologist Cost in Los Gatos?
The cost of your visits will vary depending on the issue needing attention and whether any additional testing is required. Our friendly staff will be happy to explain pricing and give you accurate estimates for any of the treatments you may be considering. Additionally, your health insurance may cover part or all of your treatment. Please bring your insurance card with you to your appointment.
Urogynecology is a specialized field of medicine that treats the female pelvic organs. This includes the reproductive organs, urinary function, and the muscle and tissue that supports them.
Your primary physician or gynecologist may refer you to a urogynecologist after learning about your symptoms. Urogynecologists have specialized training and expertise in treating pelvic organ conditions and pelvic floor disorders. Women often experience symptoms in this area after giving birth or as a result of aging. A urogynecologist can properly diagnose and offer specialized treatment.
The pelvic floor is a group of muscles, nerves, and ligaments. This system works to support the uterus, vagina, rectum, small intestine, bladder, and colon. The pelvic floor keeps the pelvic organs in the correct location to function properly. When the pelvic floor weakens or is injured, these organs can put pressure on each other, leading to uncomfortable and serious conditions.
The pelvic floor can become injured or weakened from childbirth, pregnancy, being overweight, chronic intra-abdominal pressure, prior surgery, aging, or radiation therapy. Women with pelvic floor disorders often have urine or bowel leakage (incontinence) or difficulty emptying their bladder or bowels. This can also include bloating and pain. Women with prolapse experience a visible bulge or the feeling that something is coming out of their vaginal opening.
A Urogynecologist can offer several types of treatment options, depending on the type and severity of your pelvic concerns. Today’s medical technology has made even more treatments available to cure or reduce the symptoms of pelvic floor disorders. Common treatment options include:
• Pelvic floor muscle exercises
• Behavioral and dietary modifications
• Vaginal support devices (pessaries)
• Advanced therapies
If these treatments are not adequate, then a urogynecologist may be able to suggest other medications, nerve stimulation, or surgery.
- Bø K, Nygaard IE. Is Physical Activity Good or Bad for the Female Pelvic Floor? A Narrative Review. Sports Medicine. 2019;50(3):471-484. doi:10.1007/s40279-019-01243-1
- FASHOKUN TB (OMOTOSHO), HARVIE HS, SCHIMPF MO, et al. Sexual Activity and Function in Women with and without Pelvic Floor Disorders. International urogynecology journal. 2013;24(1):91-97. doi:10.1007/s00192-012-1848-2
- Hallock JL, Handa VL. The Epidemiology of Pelvic Floor Disorders and Childbirth. Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America. 2016;43(1):1-13. doi:10.1016/j.ogc.2015.10.008